Keratoconus is an eye disease that is caused by the thinning and bulging forward of the cornea into a cone-like shape. This results in blurry and distorted vision that cannot be corrected with glasses or contacts1.
It is a progressive disease and starts to affect people in their teenage years to early twenties typically. Usually an earlier onset of the disease is associated with a higher severity of the disease later in life1.
There are several treatment options available such as specialty contact lenses which can improve the quality of your vision, and corneal collagen cross-linking which can improve the strength of your corneal tissue. In more severe cases of keratoconus, a corneal transplant is required due to excessive scarring and extreme thinning1. An early diagnosis is key to helping you stabilize the cornea tissue and prevent further vision loss.
During a routine eye examination at Perception Eyecare, measurements are taken of your eye along with an assessment of your eye health which help in the diagnosis of keratoconus. Topography images that map the shape of your cornea are also taken and can aid in the diagnosis.